Bronchiectasis

Is a disease characterized by coughing of large quantitities of purulent sputum sometimes mixed with blood. It occurs as a consequence of a past pneumonia or TB which scars the lung.
Diagnosis:
Is established by a good quality HRCT of the chest which establishes which lobes have been affected. Sputum should be cultured to detect the bacteria living in the scarred areas and to rule out recurrence of TB.
Treatment:
Involves prolonged courses of antibiotics and chest physiotherapy. These exercises if done regularly can prevent progression of the disease. Surgery may be considered in selected patients with localized disease.